Install LAMP Stack on Debian 11

This tutorial will show you how install LAMP stack on Debian 11 Linux server. The abbreviation LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MariaDB/MySQL, and PHP. The LAMP Stack is a collection of open-source tools that are used to power online applications and webpages. Each component may be utilized to serve an application on its own.

Install LAMP Stack on Debian 11

Run System Update

Ensure the system package cache is up to date before you begin to install LAMP Stack on Debian 11.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Install Apache Web server

After you’ve completed the system update, you may install Apache, the web server. The Apache web server is included in the Debian 11 Buster repositories and may be installed using the command below.

sudo apt install apache2-utils apache2 -y

Check the Apache version.

sudo apache2 -v
Server version: Apache/2.4.48 (Debian)
Server built:   2021-08-12T11:51:47

Now, check the status of apache2 using the following command.

systemctl status apache2
● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Thu 2021-09-02 21:19:53 EAT; 48s ago
   Main PID: 2568 (apache2)
      Tasks: 55 (limit: 2325)
     Memory: 10.5M
        CPU: 87ms
     CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service
             ├─2568 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─2570 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             └─2571 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

Sep 02 21:19:53 bett systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
Sep 02 21:19:53 bett apachectl[2567]: AH00558: apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using Set the 'ServerName>
Sep 02 21:19:53 bett systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.

You may test if Apache is ready to serve web requests by opening a web browser and typing http://<server-IP> into the address bar. The Apache2 Debian Test page should greet you.

Install LAMP Stack on Debian 11

Install MariaDB on Debian 11

We’ll be using MariaDB 10.6 in this tutorial. Follow the link below to learn how to install MariaDB 10.6 on Debian 11;

Install MariaDB 10.6 on Debian 11

Install PHP on Debian 11

We’ll set up PHP and some of the most widely used extensions. PHP 7.4 is the version of PHP installed in Debian 11.

sudo apt install php php-cli php-fpm php-json php-pdo php-mysql libapache2-mod-php

Now, confirm your PHP version:

php -v
PHP 7.4.21 (cli) (built: Jul  2 2021 03:59:48) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.4.21, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

To test your LAMP stack installation, write a php script as below. We will create a test.php script under /var/www/html directory.

Add the following content to the file created above.

cat > /var/www/html/test.php << EOL

To test PHP processing, open a browser and type http://<server-IP>/test.php in the address bar.

You will get the following page:

Install LAMP Stack on Debian 11

Now, remove the PHP test page.

sudo rm -rf /var/www/html/test.php


This concludes our tutorial on how to install LAMP stack on Debian 11 Linux server.

Other Tutorials

Install Apache HTTP Server on Debian 11

Install Nginx on Debian 11

Install MySQL 8 on Debian 11

Install Webmin on Rocky Linux 8

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