Install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04

By the end of this article, you will have managed to install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04. Cacti is an open-source tool for graphic and network monitoring written in PHP. It is designed as a frontend application to RRDTool, a Time Series Database (TSDB). Cacti can be used to monitor devices on a network and servers.

Cacti supports LAMP stack, IIS webserver, and Nginx webserver. To make things simple, Cacti collects network bandwidth utilization and monitor the network traffic of a router or switch by polling over the SNMP protocol.

Install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04

You need Apache server, MySQL/MariaDB installed before you install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04.

Step 1: Update system packages

Update the system packages to avoid dependency issues by executing the command;

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Reboot Ubuntu 22.04 after the update

Step 2: Install PHP and required modules

Install all required PHP modules because Cacti is built using PHP.

sudo apt install libapache2-mod-php php-mysql php-xml php-gd php-snmp php-json php-intl php-mbstring php-ldap php-gmp -y

Update PHP parameters by editing the php.ini file in client and apache2. Start with the php.ini file under apache2

sudo gedit /etc/php/*/apache2/php.ini

Edit the file to look as below. You can press CTRL+F to find the lines below and update them and save the file.

date.timezone = Africa/Nairobi
memory_limit = 512M
max_execution_time = 60

Now repeat the process with the client version

 sudo gedit /etc/php/*/cli/php.ini

Step 3: Configure Apache Webserver

Apache2 server is already pre-installed in Ubuntu 22.04.

Create Apache configuration file for Cacti.

sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/cacti.conf

Add the following lines, save and close the file.

    Alias /cacti /var/www/html/cacti
    <Directory /var/www/html/cacti>
        Options +FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        <IfVersion >= 2.3>
            Require all granted
        <IfVersion < 2.3>
            Order Allow,Deny
            Allow from all
        AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
        <IfModule mod_php.c>
              php_flag magic_quotes_gpc Off
              php_flag short_open_tag On
              php_flag register_globals Off
              php_flag register_argc_argv On
              php_flag track_vars On
              # this setting is necessary for some locales
              php_value mbstring.func_overload 0
              php_value include_path .
        DirectoryIndex index.php

Reload apache2 server;

systemctl reload apache2

Enable the Cacti configuration file.

sudo a2ensite cacti

Restart and enable Apache with the commands:

sudo systemctl restart apache2
sudo systemctl enable apache2

Step 4: Install and Configure MariaDB Server

Install MariaDB which is a better version of MySQL database.

sudo apt install mariadb-server -y

Configure MariaDB

Edit the *50-server.cnf* file by running the command;

sudo gedit /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf

Comment out the following lines:

# collation-server = utf8mb4_general_ci
# character-set-server=utf8mb4

Then add the lines;


Restart MariaDB service.

sudo systemctl restart mariadb

Step 5: Create Cacti database

Now create a database for Cacti:

sudo mysql -u root -p

Enter the commands below one after another. Replace itnixpro and intnixpro2022 with your username and password respectively.

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON cacti.* TO 'itnixpro'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'itnixpro2022';

Import timezone data to the MySQL database.

sudo mysql -u root -p mysql < /usr/share/mysql/mysql_test_data_timezone.sql

Login to the MariaDB shell;

sudo mysql -u root -p

Enter the commands below one by one.

GRANT SELECT ON mysql.time_zone_name TO itnixpro@localhost;

Step 6: Install and configure SNMP

Install snmp and rrdtool for better functioning of Cacti:

sudo apt install snmp snmpd snmp-mibs-downloader rrdtool

Now edit the config file;

sudo gedit /etc/snmp/snmp.conf

Remove the comment from mlbs line to look as below

# mibs

Grant snmp full access to localhost

rocommunity MyCacti localhost

Restart snmpd service:

sudo systemctl restart snmpd

Step 7: Install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04

Download the latest version of Cacti using wget command;


Extract the Cacti archive using the tar command and move the extracted files to /opt directory.

sudo tar -zxvf cacti-latest.tar.gz

Move the extracted folder to /var/www/html/cacti directory

sudo mv cacti-1* /var/www/html/cacti

Import the default Cacti database data to the newly created cacti database.

sudo mysql -u root -p cacti < /opt/cacti/cacti.sql

Edit the Cacti configuration file;

sudo mysql -u root -p cacti < /var/www/html/cacti/cacti.sql

Update the username and password of the Cacti config.php file by executing the command:

sudo gedit /var/www/html/cacti/include/config.php

Now change the username and password to look as follows. Use your own details.

$database_username = "itnixpro";
$database_password = "itnixpro2022";

Create a file for logging

sudo touch /var/www/html/cacti/log/cacti.log

Grant the cacti directory read and write permissions and ownership:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/cacti/
sudo chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/cacti/

Add the entry below so that Cacti for polling after an interval of 5 minutes.

*/5 * * * * www-data php /var/www/html/cacti/poller.php > /dev/null 2>&1

Restart the server once more.

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 8: Start and setup Cacti website

Enter the URL- http://your.ip.add.ress/cacti in your browser. Change your.ip.add.ress to your server IP. For local setup, enter the click

Log in using admin as your username and password and click login.

Change your password and click save.

Accept the Cacti license agreement and click Begin

If there are no errors reported on pre-installation checks, click Next. In case of any errors, make sure they are fixed before proceeding.

Choose Primary Server as installation type:

Wait for Cacti to check for required permissions. Click next if everything is okay.

Make sure the critical binary locations are okay and click next.

Read and confirm input validation whitelist protection.

Click Next on the default profile that loads.

Check the device template to be used and press Finish.

Now click Next.

Install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04

Check Confirm Installation and press Install to install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04.

Wait for the installation to complete. Click on Get started. You will be presented with the dashboard below.

You have successfully managed to install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04.


Thank you for your time and I hope this article was helpful. Since you have managed to install Cacti on Ubuntu 22.04, you go read more about Cacti info.

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Android Developer | Linux | Technical Writer | Backend Developer

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